What is Phobia?

Phobia is a fear of anything, from a situation to a thing. The word ‘phobia’ is from the Greek word ‘Phobos’ that means fear. An individual can fear anything. It will be called phobia when the fear starts shaping the life of that person.

For example, people with acrophobia will avoid high areas at all costs as they fear heights. If they come across a mountain or anything on high ground, they will start to panic.

General Symptoms of Phobias

Symptoms for phobias are different for different people. But these are the most common symptoms of phobia. Some of them can sound quite common but keeping an eye on them always helps.
  • High heart rate
  • Problem in breathing
  • A feeling of impending doom
  • Nausea
  • Blood pressure problems
  • Pain in chest
  • Feeling of choking
  • Sweating
  • Stomach problem
  • Trembling

    Types of Phobias

    Generally, Phobias fall into five categories.

    Related to Animals -

    1. Arachnophobia – Fear of spiders
    2. Ophidiophobia – Fear of snakes
    3. Alektorophobia – Fear of chickens

    Related to any Environment -

    1. Acrophobia – Fear of heights
    2. Agoraphobia – Fear of public spaces 
    3. Claustrophobia – Fear of confined spaces

    Related to a Situation -

    1.  Aerophobia – Fear of flying
    2. Mageirocophobia – Fear of cooking 
    3. Tokophobia – Fear of childbirth

    Related to Medical problems -

    1. Hemophobia – Fear of blood
    2. Hypochondria – Fear of illness 
    3. Trypanophobia – Fear of needles/ injection

    Others -

    1. Xenophobia – Fear of strangers 
    2. Philophobia – Fear of love
    3. Gynophobia – Fear of women
    4. Atychiphobia – Fear of failure

    Alternate Therapy for Phobias

    Cognitive Behavioural Therapy aims to overcome negative thoughts and reduce the anxiety which surrounds phobias. It slowly changes the way you think from a negative perspective to a positive one. It is one of the most suggested treatments for phobias.

    Through hypnosis, unwanted thoughts, behavior is changed. It helps to increase self-awareness and gives healing effects to phobias. Mindfulness Meditation is a practice that helps with the treatment of phobias without any drug. It not only helps in thinking better but also reduces your fear. Daily meditation results in better results.

    According to some studies, the essential oil of lavender helps you relax and calm your anxiety and fear due to phobias. You can use them on your clothes or handkerchiefs and during mindfulness meditation regularly for better results. It is also a drugless phobia treatment.


    What is the difference between fear and phobias?
    An example of fear is of a person afraid of heights. We can overcome fear easily or with some practice. The fear due to phobias is so much that the person is constantly trying to avoid that fear. Phobia leads to anxiety and even panic.
    Are phobia and anxiety related to each other?
    Phobia and anxiety are directly related. Being afraid of something leads to feeling anxious. Phobia comes under anxiety disorder.
    Do medications for phobia cause side effects?
    Yes, sleep problems, headaches, and nausea are some of the side effects of SSRI. SSRI is a medication prescribed for anxiety caused by phobia.
    Why does a phobia sometimes have multiple names?
    People make the names for Phobias – mostly the medical line. Making up a new name for phobias is a common practice if an existing one isn’t there.
    What is the rarest phobia in the world?
    Allodoxaphobia is the rarest phobia in the world. It is a fear of opinions. It is associated with past encounters where that individual has been unable to express his opinion.

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